Bali is an island in Indonesia that has been called “Heaven on Earth” for its skylines of volcanoes, lush jungles and cascading tiers of rice fields. It is truly an idyllic paradise with beautiful Hindu and Muslim peoples and cultures, ornate temples and mosques, wonderful artwork, music and dances, but with the latest economic explosion bringing an influx of foreign tourists, investors and developers, the expansion is changing the landscape and culture rapidly. Amidst all the building and changes, however, slices of traditional Balinese life can still be witnessed.
The Hindu philosophy of living harmoniously with one another, the natural environment and the spirit realm, Tri Hita Karana (“Three ways to reach spiritual and physical well-being”), was very apparent throughout Bali.
When my partner and I arrived in Ubud, a Hindu town, by locals as the “spiritual heart of the island,” we were awed by the grand
For six weeks, we rented a lovely, small house owned by a very kind and caring Hindi family. It overlooked the rice fields situated in a small village just about 10 minutes outside of Ubud center.
They welcomed us with hands pressed together at hearts and heads bowed, Om Swastiastu (“peace and greetings from God”). They treated us as their own family members. Every day they came wearing
Our eco-living space was open-air, and the living room was lined by a tropical garden. In the rafters lived several geckos and a large lizard that we named Siggy, after Sigmund Freud, because he was always hanging out examining us while we laid on the daybed and liked to leave little presents for us to pick up in the morning.
Dragonflies, butterflies, and bees flittered in and out, and our bathtub always seemed to have a trail of marching ants looking for water. Local cats and dogs often came through the house to just say hello, looking for scratches and a little love. Nights were filled with angelic floating fireflies and serenades from choirs of cicadas, crickets, lizards,
We were so immersed in nature that when I looked out on the rice fields surrounded by jungle, sprinkled with coconut and banana trees, I thought I might witness an elephant roaming or monkeys hanging from branches, but that was all in the past. Nestled at the edge of town in Ubud there is the Mandala Suci Wenara Wana (Sacred Monkey Forest Sanctuary). There the monkeys still run free by a river ravine and temple, once in a while making their ways to the outskirts of the jungle near the villages.
Rice in Bali
The main staple of food in Bali is rice; it’s grown three times a year and eaten at every meal. The rice terraces make up the majority of the landscape in Ubud, including our backyard. One day the village women came to harvest the rice and invited me to join them. Although I was completely unprepared, I gleefully accepted.
Barefoot, I stepped into the thick, slimy mud and they handed me a large bundle of rice stalks. As I slapped the long grasses over and over against the side of the big woven basket, I was amazed at how easily the rice fell off. The women laughed at my childish excitement and kept bringing me more until flurries from the rice husks irritated my eyes and caused a coughing fit.
Then they let me try my hand at cutting the stalks with a hand-held sickle but got frustrated with me because I was slowing them down. Realizing I was not cut out for the job, I reluctantly retreated back to my living room where I sat and watched as they cleared the entire field in one afternoon.
On woven bamboo palates, they sifted out the remainder of the grasses and then filled large sacks full of rice and carried them home balanced on their heads. At home, they dumped the rice out on large tarps laid out in the sun to dry.
The days following the harvest, a village man came and set fire to the remaining dry grasses and then flooded the rice fields with water channeling from the
Shortly after a herder, carrying a long staff with a white piece of fabric attached to the tip, ushered hundreds of ducklings into the field to do their share in helping prepare and fertilize the rice paddy for the next the planting.
The ducks waddled in quacking and honking and set to work irrigating the land as they dug their beaks and webbed feet into the watery sludge, gobbling up worms, eels, and insects.
When the ducks had completed their work, a couple more men brought a huge ox pulling a plow and laboriously turned the soil and old roots until the field looked like creamy pudding. The rice paddy was flooded again and after the mud settled, they planted blessed rice foundlings, filling the field one by one with perfectly straight rows of green sprouts. Within a week the new grasses began to grow and within a month the stalks were almost fully grown again.
Although the women harvested and the men plowed and planted in this particular village, this is not always the case — everyone helps in the process. Sometimes whole families worked the rice fields together. We were touched by the immense family and community connection and collaboration.
The continued passing down of Balinese ideals, customs and rituals from the elders to the young still runs strong in Ubud. But, with technology and the industrialized world luring many of the younger generation into new careers, fewer Balinese young adults are choosing to become rice farmers and many voiced their concerns about who will tend the rice fields in the future.
To us, it seemed that the Balinese rice farmers were always working in the fields and it was clear that the labor was back-breaking and the days long and hot but somehow they always seemed to be smiling. While the rice was growing, they used that time to create amazing handcrafted artwork, silver jewelry, batik, and ikat clothing and textiles, wood and stone carvings and intricate paintings depicting landscapes, religious and village life. Maybe they had found the balance in living the way of Tri Hita Karana.
— Story was originally published in OneGlobe Citizen (2016)
Check out the cute little ducklings in this video Duck Zen